Causes – Why did war break out in 1642?

There is no simple, single answer but as Professor Peter Gaunt explains, deep religious differences and increasing religious extremism divided the  communities and countries and made the monarch’s goal of a united church a dangerous dream. Social and economic pressures, constitutional uncertainty and a King whose character rejected compromise were a recipe that left a country divided.

The catastrophic consequences were the bloody Civil Wars, which began when Charles I raised the Royal Standard in Nottingham on the 22nd August 1642 and declared war on his own people.

Listen here

Also available on

The World Turned Upside Down - The British Civil Wars 1638-1651
The World Turned Upside Down - The British Civil Wars 1638-1651
Causes - Why did war break out in 1642?
/

Listen here

The World Turned Upside Down - The British Civil Wars 1638-1651
The World Turned Upside Down - The British Civil Wars 1638-1651
Causes - Why did war break out in 1642?
/

Also available on

bio copy 3

Contributor

Peter Gaunt

Professor of Early Modern History at the University of Chester

Peter Gaunt is Professor of Early Modern History at the University of Chester and is the current president and past chairman of The Cromwell Association. He has…

Read Biography

Learn more

glossary copy 7

Interactive Glossary

reading

Reading

maps

Maps

place

Places

calendar

Timeline

link copy

Links

link

Links

The English Civil Wars: A People Divided

A documentary series featuring leading historians which who trace the causes of the Wars, the key battles during the conflict and finally the trial and regicide of the King.

Episode 1 A People Divided Episode 2 A Nation at War Episode 3 To Kill a King