Religion and the Civil Wars – Introductory overview

While Christian belief was universal throughout the three kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland there were fundamental and deeply held differences in worship.

The Tudor Reformation of the 16th century had never been completed. Within England these discontented groups of Catholics in 1605 had come close to destroying King and Parliament in the Gunpowder Plot. Meanwhile, the Protestant majority was increasingly fragmented over interpretations of the Bible and religious rights and observance.

Meanwhile, Scotland was divided between fundamentalist Protestants (Calvinists) and Catholics, while in Ireland a Catholic majority was governed by a minority of Scottish and English Protestants.

These divisions contributed to the start of the Civil Wars and persisted throughout the Interregnum.

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The World Turned Upside Down
The World Turned Upside Down - The British Civil Wars 1638-1651
Religion and the Civil Wars – Introductory overview
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Ann Hughes

Emerita Professor of Early Modern History

Professor Hughes was educated at the University of Liverpool where she completed a PhD on ‘Politics, society and civil war in Warwickshire’. She has worked at the…

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