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Could the Commonwealth and the subsequent Protectorate have survived after the death of Oliver Cromwell on 3rd September 1658, or was it doomed to failure from the beginning?

Interviews, Ireland, Key Questions, Series, Teachers

Napoleon Bonaparte famously said “Soldiers generally win battles, generals get credit for them”.  This is certainly true of many of the histories of the British Civil Wars.

Battles, Interviews, Military History, Series

1647 was the first year of peace after Parliament’s victory in the First Civil War.

1647, Series, Talks

The British Civil Wars are often referred to as the Wars of the Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland, which ignores the Welsh experience.

Interviews, Series, Wales

In January 1644, the Scottish army was sent into England to directly intervene in the Civil War in Parliament’s favour. The Scots became aligned with the Presbyterians at Westminster, where they generated the political ideas which shaped much of the war effort.

Ireland, Religion, Scotland, Series, Talks

From 1637 popular opposition to Charles I in Scotland ignited a crisis which first spread to Ireland in 1641 and then to England and Wales in 1642.

Ireland, Religion, Scotland, Series, Talks

Historians now recognise that the civil wars of the mid-seventeenth century must be viewed in a British and Irish context and not exclusively from an English perspective.

Ireland, Religion, Scotland, Series, Talks

Oliver Cromwell’s actions, decisions and response to the world in which he had to operate had consequences which shaped the history of Britain and the world beyond.

1658, Education, Key Questions, Oliver Cromwell, Restoration, Series, Teachers

There is no more iconic or controversial figure in Britain during the first half of the 17th Century than Oliver Cromwell.

Education, Key Questions, Oliver Cromwell, Series, Teachers

By New Year’s Day 1660, the Republican experiment in Britain was almost at an end and the country appeared to be drifting towards anarchy.

1660, Restoration, Series, Talks

1642 was a tempestuous year beginning on 4th January with the unsuccessful attempt by the King to arrest five members of Parliament.

1642, Causes of Civil War, Series, Talks

Edward Sexby, a comrade-in-arms of Oliver Cromwell who became his implacable enemy.

1647, Education, Key Questions, Oliver Cromwell, Series

Oliver Cromwell, who chaired most of the Putney Debates,  took a different approach to that of his son in law, Henry Ireton, who confronted the radicals head-on and tried to undermines their arguments.

1647, Education, Key Questions, Oliver Cromwell, Series

Henry Ireton was the eloquent spokesperson for the Grandees of the New Model Army who sided with his father-in-law Oliver Cromwell.

1647, Education, Key Questions, Oliver Cromwell, Series

Thomas Rainborowe was the romantic rallying point of the radicals during the debates.

1647, Education, Key Questions, Oliver Cromwell, Series

John Wildman was one of most active members of the group of radical Levellers who argued for democratic, republican government in the Putney Debates of 1647.  He was one of the most enigmatic and fasinating figure whose life spanned two revolutions and a bewildering range of political alliances.

1647, Education, Key Questions, Oliver Cromwell, Series

By the summer of 1647, Parliament had won the First Civil War. At the battles of Naseby and Langport, the New Model Army had crushed the Royalist field armies and the King himself was now their prisoner. But all was not well on the parliamentary side.

1647, Education, Key Questions, Oliver Cromwell, Series

The proceedings played out in front of thousands of spectators within Westminster Hall and in print were read by many more. The Rump Parliament intended the trial to serve propaganda purposes. However, this aim was subverted by the king’s surprisingly fluent defence in which he recast himself as a defender of the people’s liberty in the face of a new, arbitrary power.

1649, Charles I, Key Questions, Series, Talks