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On the 23rd of October 1641 – about a year before the outbreak of civil wars in England and Wales – a bloody rebellion swept across Ireland.

1641, Interviews, Ireland

In January 1644, the Scottish army was sent into England to directly intervene in the Civil War in Parliament’s favour. The Scots became aligned with the Presbyterians at Westminster, where they generated the political ideas which shaped much of the war effort.

Ireland, Religion, Scotland, Series, Talks

From 1637 popular opposition to Charles I in Scotland ignited a crisis which first spread to Ireland in 1641 and then to England and Wales in 1642.

Ireland, Religion, Scotland, Series, Talks

Historians now recognise that the civil wars of the mid-seventeenth century must be viewed in a British and Irish context and not exclusively from an English perspective.

Ireland, Religion, Scotland, Series, Talks

To unravel this historiography Contributing Editor, Professor Andrew Hopper, sat down with Dr Stephen Roberts, the distinguished Emeritus Editor of The History of Parliament.

Academic, Interviews

John Pym, who was born in 1584 and died in December 1643, was one of the most important Parliamentary figures in the years leading up to the outbreak of the Civil Wars.

1640, 1641, 1642, Charles I, Interviews

By New Year’s Day 1660, the Republican experiment in Britain was almost at an end and the country appeared to be drifting towards anarchy.

1660, Restoration, Series, Talks

1642 was a tempestuous year beginning on 4th January with the unsuccessful attempt by the King to arrest five members of Parliament.

1642, Causes of Civil War, Series, Talks

A concise introduction to the causes and consequences of the religious divisions which contributed to the outbreak of the Civil Wars.

Interviews, Key Questions, Religion, Teachers

The Tudor reformation of the 16th Century left England, Scotland and Ireland bitterly divided.

Interviews, Key Questions, Religion, Teachers

Religious divisions inflamed by King Chares I were an important cause of the wars and were exacerbated by significant differences between the Three Kingdoms.

Interviews, Key Questions, Religion, Teachers

After the Regicide, religious fragmentation particularly within the army, made Britain difficult to govern and ultimately contributed to the downfall of the republic.

Interviews, Key Questions, Religion, Teachers

The regicide was followed by a period of political upheaval and constitutional change.

1649, 1660, Academic, Education, English Civil Wars, Key Questions, Oliver Cromwell, Talks, Teachers